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Bangladesh

The Country of RED & GREEN | Bangladesh

Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. While it is the 92nd-largest country, spanning 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi), it is the world's 8th-most populous country with a population nearing 163 million[6], making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

More About Bangladesh

The history of Bangladesh has been one of extreme. It has thrived in the glow of cultural splendor and suffered under the ravage of wars. Some medieval European geographers located a paradise at the mouth of the GangesRiver that was the deltaic land of Bengal. Bengal is the ancient name of present day Bangladesh. Bengal was the wealthiest part of the Indian Subcontinent until the 16th century.

It is assumed that the Austro – Asiatic race first inhabited this region in prehistoric age. Afterwards came the Dravidians, Aryans and Mongoloids. Archeological excavations show signs of powerful dynasties that ruled the land till the Muslims from the Central Asian region conquered it in the 13th century AD and established their rule. A succession of Muslim monarchies ruled over the area till 1757, when the British conquest took place. In 1947 the British left the Indian Subcontinent and Bengal came to be known as East Bengal and then in 1956 as East Pakistan. In 1971 through an armed struggle Bangladesh emerged as an independent state.

PUNDRANAGARA-MAHASTHANGARH: BOGRA

Mahasthangarh is so far the oldest and largest archaeological site of Bangladesh, is about 12 km north of Bogra town and is connected by a good metaled road, the extensive site represents the wreckage of an ancient city (4th century BC to 14th century AD) called Pundranagara. The city was identified in 1879; the first regular excavation was conducted at the site in 1928-29 by the Archaeological Survey of India under the guidance of KN Diksit. It is roughly oblong (1.523 km by 1.371km) in shape encircled by high rampart with thick brick wall core at places and is entrenched on all sides save the east where the river Karatoya were flowing in ancient time. Inside the fort, however, still lie the remnants of temples, Stupas, Masques, a good volume of movable antiquities have also been salvaged from its ruins. They include silver punch marked coins, silver coated copper cast coins barring inscription, rouletted ware, NBPW, black slipware, blank and red ware, beads of semiprecious stones, terracotta plaques and toys, sculptures, objects of daily use and so on. But by far the most important one is a Brahmi Inscriptional slab datable to the 3rd cent. BC. Around the fort for about 8 km excepting the east suburb, there are many older mounds and a rest – house near its north east corner. A mission of French Experts has been working in the site since 1993 in order to reveal its whole unknown past as peer an agreement with the Government of Bangladesh.

Latest findings indicate a total of 18 building levels and that the city was inhabited as early as 6th Century BC. Dwellers of the city were mainly traders, who traded to and from faraway countries. Allegedly the city was derelict after a great fire in the 15th Century, and had gone underground in few centuries. GovindaBhita, LaksmindarMedh, BhasuVihar, ViharDhap, Mangalkot and GodaibadiDhap are excavated sites located outside the city but within its vicinity. The site has an adjacent museum that houses findings of the city.

SIXTY DOMED MOSQUE:

Is the prime attraction for the tourists in the southern part of Bangladesh. Build by Khan Jahan Ali in the 15thcentaury, made of unusually thick tapered brick in the Tughlaq style and a hut-shaped roofline that anticipates purely local style. It has 81 domes and sixty stone pillars for which it is called sixty Gumbad mosque – which later has changed into ShaitGambuj (Sixty Domed in Bangali) mosque. The mosque is situated at the Bagerhat town & one of the world heritage sites of three in Bangladesh declared by UNESCO.



CULTURE:

The music and dance in Bangladesh can be divided into three distinct categories – classical, folk & modern. Folk music nurtured through the ages by village poets, rich in devotional mysticism and love lore, are known in different names in different regions of the country. The most popular forms are Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi and Bhawaiya. Classical forms of the greater Indian Subcontinent have strong influence on Bangladeshi dance. The folk, tribal and Middle – Eastern traits can also be seen. Modern dance and music is loved by all, especially by the young people. There are a good number of music bands that perform regular shows in big cities. Among the tribal dances particularly popular are Monipuri, Jhoom, Bamnoo and Santal.

Situated 20km west of Rajshahi it is an Upazila in Rajshahi district. PuthiaJamindari created by the Mughals in the early 17thcentury is one of the oldest estates of Bengal. The 1895 two storied PuthiaRajbari is one of the most attractive structures in the area. Among others the five spire Govinda temple, Trio Bangla temple, and the Shiva temple of South Indian Style are interesting.

SHAHID MINAR: (Language Martyrs Memorial):

International Mother Language Day is an observance held annually on 21 February worldwide to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. It was first announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999. Its observance was also formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution establishing 2008 as the International Year of Languages. International Mother Language Day originated as the international recognition of Language Movement Day, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) since 21st February 1952, when a number of students including the students of the University of Dhaka were killed by the Pakistani police in Dhaka during Bengali Language Movement protests.

The Sundarbans in Bengali it means a beautiful forest. It is a cluster of Islands-the single largest mangrove forest of the world and popularly known as the home of the RoyalBengal Tiger. This wonderful forest is located at the estuary of the great Ganges spanning over more than 1065000 hectors of land on the south-west part of Bangladesh and the south-eastern portion of the state of West Bengal, India. Bangladesh possesses about 62% which covers an area about 620,000 hectors of land or (6036 sq. km) of the total forest area.

The whole of the Sundarbans forest has been declared as Reserved forest having 3 Wild life sanctuaries: “Sundarbans East”, “Sundarbans West” and “Sundarbans South” with the total sanctuary areas which stand 139,698 hectares This unique forest has been listed by the UNESCO as the world heritage site since 1997.

The charming feature of this saline land and water is the perennial forests of luxuriant growth under the fostering care of nature. Thousands of meandering streams, creeks, canals, rivers and wide estuaries have not only enhanced the natural beauty of the forest but also opened a magnificent opportunity for cruising, boating, sailing and fishing. Its rivers are abundantly infested with sharks, Irrawaddy dolphin, porpoises, and estuarine crocodiles and ideal habitat for shrimps, lobster, pomfret, salmon and other sea fishes. The continental shelf is extended 200 miles from the beach of Sundarbans. Here lies the famous swatch of no ground which itself is a mystery. There are more than 424 rare species of wild animals like Royal Bengal tiger (464), Spotted Deer (95000), Wild Boar (40000), Barking Deer (10000). Rhesus Monkeys (70000), Estuarine crocodiles (500-600) and Irrawaddy dolphin (6000) largest population in the world. The other important wild life are Bengal Monitor Lizard, common toad and tree frog, King cobra, Rock python, Black Krait, River Terrapin, Russel Viper, False Vampire and different type of Turtles and Sea snakes.

The wonderful mangrove vegetation supports more than 325 species birds of both migratory and local. Out of which rare species are Masked finfoot, Adjutant Stork, White bellied Sea Eagle, Mangrove Pitta, Western Curlew, Large Minivet, Purple Sunbird, Red Jungle Fowl, Oyster catcher, different type of shore birds, Parakeet, colorful Wood Packer, 8 types of King Fisher out of which /brown wing King Fisher and Ruddy King Fisher s are the common.

Sundarbans forest is not only holding the largest population of Royal Bengal Tiger but also is famous for wild honey. There are hundreds of thousand bee hives can be found during the early monsoon and collecting of these high quality honey by the professional may be termed as the most exciting and dangerous adventure since the honey collectors are to involve face to face encounter with the man eating tiger in the forest. Today Royal Bengal Tiger is considered as the most ferocious and cunning and possessing man eating habit by genetic heritance.

SOMAPURA MAHAVIHARA AT PAHARPUR: NAOGAON



Paharpur, an important archaeological site in Bangladesh, situated in village Paharpur under Badalgachi Thana of Naogaon district, the site contains the structural ruins of a single unit of Buddhist monastery which is being considered as the single largest of its kind on the south of the Himalayas. The site was first noticed by Buchanon Hamilton in course of his survey in Eastern India between 1807 and 1812. But regular and systematic excavation was jointly started here in 1923 by Archaeological Survey of India, Varendra Research Museum of Rajshahi and CalcuttaUniversity. Excavation unearthed a Buddhist monastery that was built during the period from 780 AD to 830 AD by Dharma Pala, the second king of Pala Dynasty. The site comprises of a nearly rectangular surrounding wall with minor structures like refectory hall, kitchen, well, small Stupas etc. and a central Stupa, the monastery accommodates a rectangular (280.5m+280m) open courtyard with a lofty pyramidal temple to a little west of its central point and a line of monastic cells in each of its four wings. The main entrance on the north is outcropping beyond its perimeter and is open through two pillared halls with a group of cells on both sides. The central temple stands on a cruciform bade where in it contains 63 stone sculptural pieces in a line of niches. Moreover, each cornice of its each stage is decorated with carbed bricks depicting Lozenge, dentils, chain, chess-board, pyramidal representation and so on. Below these cornices there are friezes of terracotta Plawuer depicting several views from the folk life of the 8th -9th century AD. About 2800 plaques have been recorded so far. The stupa has a cruciform foundation for a hollow chamber supported by four identical wings in four directions. The site has an adjacent museum that houses findings in the surrounding.

162,951,560 in 2016HISTORY:
The history of Bangladesh has been one of extreme. It has thrived in the glow of cultural splendor and suffered under the ravage of wars. Some medieval European geographers located a paradise at the mouth of the Ganges River that was the deltaic land of Bengal. Bengal is the ancient name of present day Bangladesh. Bengal was the wealthiest part of the Indian Subcontinent until the 16th century.

It is assumed that the Austro – Asiatic race first inhabited this region in prehistoric age. Afterwards came the Dravidians, Aryans and Mongoloids. Archeological excavations show signs of powerful dynasties that ruled the land till the Muslims from the Central Asian region conquered it in the 13th century AD and established their rule. A succession of Muslim monarchies ruled over the area till 1757, when the British conquest took place. In 1947 the British left the Indian Subcontinent and Bengal came to be known as East Bengal and then in 1956 as East Pakistan. In 1971 through an armed struggle Bangladesh emerged as an independent state.

Bangladesh is the eighth-most populated country in the world with almost 2.2% of the world's population. According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[3], the population stood at 162,951,560 in 2016.
Bangladesh (Previously East Pakistan between 1947 and 1971 and East Bengal before 1947) is largely ethnically homogeneous, and its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group which comprises 98% of the population. The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh and North Bengal divisions are home to diverse indigenous peoples. There are many dialects of Bengali spoken throughout the region. The dialect spoken by those in Chittagong and Sylhet are particularly distinctive. The population is estimated at 163 million (2016[3]). About 89% of Bangladeshis are Muslims, followed by Hindus (10 .7%), Buddhists (0.6%) and Christians (0.4%) and others.
Bangladesh has the one of the highest population density in the world. The total fertility rate (TFR) has been reduced by more than two thirds since Independence. Current TFR in Bangladesh is 2.1 which means that women have 2.1 children on average in their lifetime. At this TFR and without migration, country's population will eventually be neither growing nor shrinking, once the top of its age pyramid fills in.[4]


CULTURE:
The music and dance in Bangladesh can be divided into three distinct categories – classical, folk & modern. Folk music nurtured through the ages by village poets, rich in devotional mysticism and love lore, are known in different names in different regions of the country. The most popular forms are Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi and Bhawaiya. Classical forms of the greater Indian Subcontinent have strong influence on Bangladeshi dance. The folk, tribal and Middle – Eastern traits can also be seen. Modern dance and music is loved by all, especially by the young people. There are a good number of music bands that perform regular shows in big cities. Among the tribal dances particularly popular are Monipuri, Jhoom, Bamnoo and Santal.

CLIMATE:
Bangladesh has a tropical monsoon climate marked by the warmth and humidity for the major part of the year. The average annual temperature ranges from 23c to 30 c. Annual rainfall varies from 160 cm to 200 cm in the west, 200 cm to 400 cm in the Southest and 250cm 400 cm in the Northwest. The country has mainly four Seasons: The winter (December to February), the summer (March to May), the monsoon (June to September) and autumn (October to November)
INTRODUCTION OF BANGLADESH:
“Bangladesh has a hundred gates open for entrance but not one for departure”. Remember this beautiful line ever quoted by Francois Bernier in the times gone by. One of the jewels of South Asia the country forms an ever-lasting impression by presenting itself as a land of complete peace, and offering kaleidoscope of colors to whom it is going to be a next stopover.....

The sovereign Bangladesh is enclosed by India, Myanmar and The Bay of Bengal to the south. Its capital city is Dhaka and the frequently spoken language is Bengali (Bangla), where you stumble upon the remnants of civilization date back 400 years. The country has rich and historical past and the exact origin of the word” Bangla” or “Bengal” is still a mystery, but the way it successfully delivers Dravidian, Arab, Persian, Indo-Aryan, Turkic, West European, and Mongol/Mughal cultures maintains its position at the top the World's tourist maps.

Coming to Bangladesh is always a delightful experience. Its delicate and distinctive attractions in form of a mangrove swamp area of World’s Heritage Sites a home of Royal Bengal Tiger, windy fields, abundance of sunshine, twisting rivers and cascades of lush gardens persuade a painter to hold a brush and do something very magical with tapestry of colors & texture.

THE TRANQUIL BANGLADESH:
Bangladesh is the real surprise and one of the best stopover destinations for the tourists. The strategic position of Bangladesh with breath taking view of virgin countryside, panoramic rivers, emerald green villages, croplands & unspoiled nature with the rich cultural heritage turned this country as the most potential eco-tourist destination of the south Asian region.

Down to the slope of great Himalayan valley, Bangladesh is bordered by India in the north, west & east and guarded by the blue water of the Bay of Bengal in the south. South-eastern border is a frontier of 288 sq. km. with Myanmar.

TOURIST PLACES OF BANGLADESH:
DHAKA CITY:
Dhaka city situated on the banks of the river Buriganga , Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh first came into prominence Islam khan chishti in 1610 AD than Subader & chief-of-Army of Mughal Army in Bengal transferred the capital of Subah Banglah from Rajmahal to Dhaka. Today it is a busy city of around 16 million people and the 9th biggest of the world. A people who love to chat of tea and snacks; who love to eat road side food and people who love their cricket and football. People knows town of mosque & was called the city of rickshaw. Dhaka houses many old and new attractions. some of the most popular tourist spots of this city includes Shankharia bazaar (Hindu street), Ahsan manzil (Pink Palace), Sadarghat (river front), Armenian Church, Star mosque, Shakeswari temple, Lalbagh fort, Rickshaw art, Curzon Hall, Kamlapur Buddhist temple, Bashundhara shopping mall, National Parliament building etc.

Bangladesh creates an unforgettable impression of a land of peace, tranquility and enormous beauty; land of hundreds of serpentine rivers, crystal clear water lakes surrounded by the evergreen hills, luxuriant tropical rain forests, beautiful cascades of green tea gardens.
This Largest delta in the world rises from the Bay of Bengal and goes up to the footsteps of the Himalayas. The mighty Bay of Bengal guards its coats.


WORLD HERITAGE & ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES FOR HISTORY & CULTURE:

An important site of the Ganges delta, Bangladesh was an integral part of the medieval civilizations that inhabited these regions. Although a country considerably rich in archeological wealth, both during the Muslim and pre-Muslim rules, most of it is still unknown. The earlier history of Bangladesh reveals that Buddism received royal patronage from some important ruling dynasties like the great Pala rulers, the Chandras and the Deva Kings. Under their support, numerous well-organized, self-contained monastries sprang up all over the country. These monastries once thriving with life were also greatly appreciated and written about by travelers like Ibne Battuta, Fa-Shien and Hiuen Tsabg. With two archeological sites labeled as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Bangladesh still has much to reveal beneath her plains.

LALBAGH FORT: DHAKA
During Mughal period Emperor Aurangazeb appointed his 3rd son prince MD. Azam as Subedero (Provincial Governor) of Bengal on 29th July 1678. Prince Azam started construction of this fort and named after his father as Killa Aurangabad. Before completion LALBAGH fort his father called him as Subeder and to complete the fort. However due to death daughter of Shaista khan Iran Dukht nicknamed as Paribibi or fairy lady in 1684. Shaista Khan stopped its construction making the fort. After Shaista Khan started construction making the fort his daughter named as tomb of Paribibi. Where two other graves are Shamshad Begum 2nd daughter of Shaista Khan and his grand son Khodadad Khan . Other attractions are the audience hall, Lalbagh mosque museum and Hamman of Shaista khan

ARMENIAN CHURCH
The Armenian Church is a historically significant architectural monument situated in the Armanitola area of old Dhaka, Bangladesh. The church bears testimony to the existence of a significant Armenian community in the region in the 17th and 18th centuries.

STAR MOSQUE
Star Mosque, is a mosque located in Armanitola area, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The mosque has ornate designs and is decorated with motifs of blue stars. It was built in the first half of the 19th century by Mirza Golam Pir. It is the most ornamental mosque of the town.

SADARGHAT TERMINAL: DHAKA
Sadarghat a large ghat or wharf at Dhaka city's approach to the River Buriganga. Originally, it was built as a place for landing of boats, launches and even ships coming to Dhaka from other places. Established in the 19th Century, this is said to be one of the largest river ports in the world. Every day about 30,000 people and about 200 large and small passenger launches depart and arrive at the terminal.


ROCKET STEAMER
Steam paddle boats, locally known as ‘Steamers’, ‘steamer rockets’ or simply ‘Rockets’, were introduced in Bangladesh in the second quarter of 19th Century. Originally these passenger vessels used to operate with steam engines produced in Denny yard on the Clyde. But in 1995 all of the steam engines have been replaced by diesel engines. The three rocket steamers that still operate between Dhaka and Khulna are Mahsud, Ostrich, and Lepcha. Having a trip on a steamer lets you relax for a while & gives you a very interesting introduction of the rural Bangladesh.

CURZON HALL
Curzon Hall, the best examples of Dhaka's architecture. It is part of the school of science of the University of Dhaka. It's 100 years (1905) old. Build by the British for the purpose of Town hall, but it never been used as a Town Hall. Curzon Hall has an extremely fascinating history which is situated besides the High Court Street, Dhaka. Now it has became the base of the university's science faculty.

NATIONAL PARLIAMENT HOUSE
Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban or National Parliament House, is the house of the Parliament of Bangladesh, located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka. Designed by architect Louis Kahn in 1961 & completed the construction works on 1081, the complex is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world, comprising 200 acres

DHAKESHWARI NATIONAL TEMPLE
Dhakeshwari is the central Hindu temple in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is state-owned, giving it the distinction of being Bangladesh's 'National Temple'. The name "Dhakeshwari" means "Goddess of Dhaka".

Every year in September (exact dates vary according to the Hindu calendar), the temple and surrounding streets throng with thousands of celebrants for Durga Puja, the goddess' annual festival, a particularly colourful, noisy and joyful time to visit.


AHSAN MANZIL
Ahsan Manzil was the official residential palace and seat of the Nawab of Dhaka. The building is situated at Kumartoli along the banks of the Buriganga River in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Construction was started in 1859 and was completed in 1872. It was constructed in the Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture.
NATURAL BEUTY & ETNIC CULTURE OF HIIL TRACTS IN CHITTAGONG

CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS:
The Chittagong Hill Tracts is the only extensive hill area in Bangladesh lies southern part of the country bordering Myanmar on the southeast, the Indian state of tripura on the north, Mizuram in the east & Chittagong plain land district on the west. The area of the Chittagong Hill Tracts is about 13,184 sq km, which is approximately one-tenth of the total area of Bangladesh.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts is divided into three individual districts. These are Rangamati; Khagrachhari and Bandarban districts. There are plenty of interesting places to visit in this area which is well connected by land from Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar. Soft trekking for a day or two in this area can be organized. Both in Rangamati & Bandarbans moderate accommodation facilities are available while at Khagrachhari it is rather limited. There is no doubt that meeting the ethnic people in their villages should be on top of your agenda while visiting this area, a cruise on the Kaptai Lake in Rangamati or driving to Chimbuk or Nilgiri can be very interesting and exciting too.

CHITTAGONG CITY:
Chittagong city situated on the banks of the river Karnaphuli, is the number one sea port and second largest city of Bangladesh .being a port city from early times Chittagong attracted people coming from many different areas and belonging to different religions and races. These international contacts left a lasting impact on the language, religion and culture of the place. Today it is also an important place for different industries of the country.

Besides being the gateway to some of the most attractive tourist spots of Bangladesh like Chittagong hill tract (CHT) , Cox’s bazaar ,ST. martins island etc. Chittagong has also got some very unique attractions of its own like ethnological museum, world war cemetery, Chatteshwari Temple, Fay’s lake, Patenga beach, Parir Pahar, Andar Killa etc.

PUTHIA, RAJSHAHI
Situated 20km west of Rajshahi it is an upazila in Rajshahi district. Puthia Jamindari created by the Mughals in the early 17th century is one of the oldest estates of Bengal. The 1895 two storied Puthia Rajbari is one of the most attractive structures in the area. Among others the five spire Govinda temple, Trio Bangla temple, and the Shiva temple of South Indian Style are interesting.

VARENDRA RESEARCH MUSEUM
Varendra Museum was the first museum to be established in erstwhile East Bengal in 1910. The museum started out as the collection for Varendra Investigation Society and got its current name in 1919. Since inception this museum has actively searched and researched history of the ancient Varendra Civilization. Excavation at Somapura Bihara was started by the society along with Calcutta University in 1923. In 1964, the museum became a part of Rajshahi University. The museum has a very rich collection of ancient stuffs from different parts of Bangladesh.


TAJHAT JAMINDAR PALACE – RANGPUR
This 20th Century palace was constructed by the local Jamindar, and was used as residence till 1950s, when government acquisitioned the estate. In the 1980s, Bangladesh Government used it as the local sit for the high court division of the Supreme Court. Later in the 1990s, shifting the high court, it was given to the archaeological authority that established a small museum on the first floor of the building. With a wide green belt around the building, it makes a good pastime for the tourists.

KUSUMBA MOSQUE
Kusumba mosque is named after the village Kusumba. It was built during the period of Afgan rule in Bangladesh by a high-ranking official named Sulaiman. It was built under one of the last Suri rulers. His name was Ghiyasuddin Bahadur Shah.Although the mosque was built under the suri rule, the architectural pattern was not influenced by the earlier Suri architecture of North India. It was constructed with a Bengal style. At the eastern central entrance, inscription mentioned the time period of construction of the mosque to 966 AH (1558-59 AD).

SIXTY DOMED MOSQUE
Shatgumbad Mosque is the largest of the Sultanate mosques in Bangladesh and one of the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of the Indian subcontinent, built in the 16th Century. The city was founded by a saint – warrior, Khan -e- Jahan Ulugh Khan by title, in the 15th century AD. The mosque does not have sixty Domes as the name might mislead, rather sixty Pillars and 77 domes. Probably the name sixty Gumbad (Pillars) turned into Gambud (Dome) to raise such name in Bangla.

The site occupies at least 9 sq. km area on the west of Bagerat town and has been enlisted in the category of world Cultural Heritage under the title ‘Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat’. At present it is dotted with several mounds, Mosques, reservoirs and tombs. Of them the most illustrious one is Saitgumbad Masjid, being the biggest older multi-domed Mosque of Bangladesh. There has a museum and a rest house in the Saitgumbad compound.

The mosque proper, built mainly of bricks, forms a vast rectangle and measures externally, inclusive of the massive two-storied towers on the angles, 48.77m from north to south and 32.92m from east to west. The huge of the building has been supported by Stone pillars. It is one of the three UNESCO heritage sites of Bangladesh and offers a tranquil neighborhood for the visitors.

GOUR: RAJSHAHI
In the town of Gaur, visitors to Bangladesh will find a religious attraction that has often been described as one of the most breathtaking examples of Sultanate architecture. Build during the reign of Sultan Hussain Shah, between 1493 AD and 1519 AD. The magnificent fifteen domes of the mosque were once gilded in gold, giving the mosque the name of Small Golden Mosque or as it is generally known, the Chhota Sona Masjid. Stone pillars, breathtaking archways, intricate mihrabs, terracotta art and delicate finishes that have survived through the centuries assist visitors in envisioning how the mosque must have look upon completion.

LAWACHARA RAIN FOREST: SRIMANGAL
This is a reserved forest located about 12km from Sri Mangal Town, and approximately 212km from Dhaka. The forest has an area of 4,750 hectares. It was declared National Park in 1997. Biological Diversity in the Lawachara National Park consists of 460 species, of which 167 species are Plants, 4 amphibians species, 6 reptile species, 246 bird species, and 20 mammal species.
Hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is one seriously endangered higher primate that lives in this forest. It is also called a Bird Safari. Birds of different species are found here and anyone can always trek along the adventurous mud stairs, carved into the hills, while listening to the continuous chirping of birds.

MADHABKUNDO WATER FALL: SYLHET
Madhabkunda waterfall is one of the most attractive tourist spots in Sylhet division. Lots of tourists and picnic parties come to Madhabkunda every day for their enjoyment. You can go to Madhabkunda either from Sylhet if you go by road or from Kulaura if you go by train.
From Kulaura rail station its about one hour journey by microbus to Madhabkunda. The journey to Madhabkunda itself is exotic. On the way you can see the greenish beauty of tea garden, the hills and the zigzag road through the hills will increase the joy of your journey. In Madhabkunda you will see the great waterfall – falls of million tons of water form 200ft. height. Big bolder of stones and the black stones in giving a shape of care in Madhabkundu. There is a Parjatan Motel with a good restaurant.

ATGARH-KURIANA: BARISAL
This is a very old marketplace for the locality, held by the Shandha River. Farmers mainly from the surrounding areas come once in every week with their farm productions in traditional boats. Since surrounding locality is famous for guava plantation, the main item displayed in the market is guava. Visiting one such guava farm would be a memorable experience.

BIRISHIRI: NETROKONA
Shusong Durgapur of Birishiri is located at Netrokona about 170 km north from Dhaka. It’s not only blessed by charismatic natural beauty, is also reach in ethnic culture as there are many ethnic groups like – Hajong, Garo, Achik and Mandi etc lives here. Many people around the world come here to learn the ethnic culture and livings. The main attraction of Birishiri is the ceramic hill of Durgapur and the picturesque landscape along the Shomeshwari River.

SUNDARBAN FOREST: KHULNA
The Sundarban is the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world covering over 10000 square kilometers of wilderness. This forest is considered as the richest mangrove forest in the world in terms of species diversity and is not only home to critically endanger Royal Bengal tiger but also other threatened wild species.
In 1999 the Sundarban came under UNESCO world heritage site. Recently a study from wildlife conservation society has identified three areas in the Sundarban mangrove forest as dolphin hotspots and the areas have been declared as wildlife sanctuaries for the conservations of threatened freshwater dolphin’s in 2012.
The vegetation of Sundarban is largely comprised of mangrove species some of the species mostly seen in the forest are sundry (Heritiera fomes) Keora (Sonneratia Apetala) Gewa (Excoecaria Agallocha) Golpata (Nypa Fruticans) Baen (Avicennia spp) etc. Over 120 species of fishes and 270 species of birds have been recorded in the Sundarbans. This includes the rare masked Finfoot (Heliopais Personata) and the prized mangrove Pitta (Pitta Megarhyncha). About 32 species of mammals have been recorded in the first which includes a healthy population of threatened Ganges river dolphin (Platanista Gangetica) and Irrawaddy dolphin.

KANTANAGAR TEMPLE: DINAJPUR
Kantanagar Temple is an eighteenth century brick temple, situated about 18 km north of Dinajpur town. The most ornamental temple in Bangladesh. It rises in three diminishing stages and originally showed a Navaratna ( nine – towered) disposition. Most of the Ratnas are now lost. The wall surface of the entire temple is lavishly decorated with terracotta plaques depicting Hindu mythological scenery. It was built in 1772 AD by the local land owner aristocrat family. It had lost the spires during the devastating earthquake of 1897. The whole temple is covered with terracotta plaques that describe stories of ten incarnations of Lord Visnu especially from the epic poems Ramayana and Mahavarata.

MAHASTHANGARH: BOGRA
Mahasthangarh is so far the oldest and largest archaeological site of Bangladesh, is about 12 km north of Bogra town and is connected by a good metalled road, the extensive site represents the wreckage of an ancient city (4th century BC to 14th century AD) called Pundranagara. The city was identified in 1879; the first regular excavation was conducted at the site in 1928-29 by the Archaeological Survey of India under the guidance of KN Diksit. It is roughly oblong (1.523 km by 1.371km) in shape encircled by high rampart with thick brick wall core at places and is entrenched on all sides save the east where the river Karatoya were flowing in ancient time. Inside the fort, however, still lie the remnants of temples, Stupas, Masques, a good volume of movable antiquities have also been salvaged from its ruins. They include silver punch marked coins, silver coated copper cast coins barring inscription, rouletted ware, NBPW, black slipware, blank and red ware, beads of semiprecious stones, terracotta plaques and toys, sculptures, objects of daily use and so on. But by far the most important one is a Brahmi Inscriptional slab datable to the 3rd cent. BC. Around the fort for about 8 km excepting the east suburb, there are many older mounds and a rest – house near its north east corner. A mission of French Experts has been working in the site since 1993 in order to reveal its whole unknown past as peer an agreement with the Government of Bangladesh.

Latest findings indicate a total of 18 building levels and that the city was inhabited as early as 6th Century BC. Dwellers of the city were mainly traders, who traded to and from faraway countries. Allegedly the city was derelict after a great fire in the 15th Century, and had gone underground in few centuries. Govinda Bhita, Laksmindar Medh, Bhasu Vihar, Vihar Dhap, Mangalkot and Godaibadi Dhap are excavated sites located outside the city but within its vicinity. The site has an adjacent museum that houses findings of the city.

MAINAMATI –LALMAI: COMILLA
It is a hilly terrain with an average height of 15m in the district of Comilla. It stands in a northsouth alignment with its length extending over 17km and average breath 2.5km. At different points of its slope there lie a number of older structural ruins pertaining to temple, Stupa and Vihara. Along with these ruins some tools made of fossilized wood (could be of pre-historic origin?), both Hindu and Buddhist sculptures, metallic coins ornaments, potteries, metallic utensils, seals and sealings, copper plates etc. Have also been salvaged. On stylistic ground they may be dated in the circa 7th – 13th century AD. Scholars are of opinion that there lie the ruins of a southeastern Bengali capital, Devaparvata’ by name, in a corner of the hill range. There was another capital called jaykarmantavaska in an adjoining corner of the Mainamati-Lalmai Hill Range. There has an archaeological museum and a rest house in Salvana village which occupies the mid-most point of Maiinamati - Lalmai Hill Range.

ST. MARTIN’S ISLAND: COX’S BAZAR
St. Martin’s Island or Narikel Jinjira (Coconut island) as it is locally known is the last frontier of the reached by the blue colored Nafriver , with the Burmese mountains on one side . bright yellow sand and a vibrant blue water, St. Martin’s is a corals .sans electricity and the modern amenities that come with a tourist destination, this off beat site still attracts huge crowds who enjoys traveling back to the basics. an active turtle population nests here and it is a famous Tourist activity to watch them lay their eggs on the beach.

SONARGAON: NARAYANGANJ
The oldest capitals of Bengal, Situated near the eastern peripheral land of Dhaka at about 27 km distance from the zero Point, the site represents the substantial remains of an early medieval bygone city called Suvarnagram>Sonargaon. It now accommodates a mosque called Gowaldi Masjid built in stone – brick masonry ( 1519 AD), a tomb built entirely of carved stone called Sultan Giasuddin Azam shah Mazar, a bridge ( 17th cent AD), a tomb complex and some sparse structural vestiges. There is also a folk museum at one corner of the site. Another attraction of the site is an early modern settlement called Panam City. It lies on the close vicinity of Sonargaon.

Sonargaon was the seat of Dev Dynasty until the 13TH century. From then onward till the advent of the Mughals, Sonargaon was the subsidiary capital of the sultanate of Bengal. The ancient monuments, which are still intact over there includes, the tomb of sultan Ghiasuddin (1399-1409 AD). The shrines of Panch Pir and Shah Abdul Alla a beautiful mosque in Goaldi village.

SOMAPURA MAHAVIHARA AT PAHARPUR: NAOGAON
Paharpur, an important archaeological site in Bangladesh, situated in village Paharpur under Badalgachi Thana of Naogaon district, the site contains the structural ruins of a single unit of Buddhist monastery which is being considered as the single largest of its kind on the south of the Himalayas. The site was first noticed by Buchanon Hamilton in course of his survey in Eastern India between 1807 and 1812. But regular and systematic excavation was jointly started here in 1923 by Archaeological Survey of India, Varendra Research Museum of Rajshahi and Calcutta University. Excavation unearthed a Buddhist monastery that was built during the period from 780 AD to 830 AD by Dharma Pala, the second king of Pala Dynasty. The site comprises of a nearly rectangular surrounding wall with minor structures like refectory hall, kitchen, well, small Stupas etc. and a central Stupa, the monastery accommodates a rectangular (280.5m+280m) open courtyard with a lofty pyramidal temple to a little west of its central point and a line of monastic cells in each of its four wings. The main entrance on the north is outcropping beyond its perimeter and is open through two pillared halls with a group of cells on both sides. The central temple stands on a cruciform bade where in it contains 63 stone sculptural pieces in a line of niches. Moreover, each cornice of its each stage is decorated with carbed bricks depicting Lozenge, dentils, chain, chess-board, pyramidal representation and so on. Below these cornices there are friezes of terracotta Plawuer depicting several views from the folk life of the 8th -9th century AD. About 2800 plaques have been recorded so far. The stupa has a cruciform foundation for a hollow chamber supported by four identical wings in four directions. The site has an adjacent museum that houses findings in the surrounding.

COX’S BAZAAR:
One of the longest stretches of beaches in the world the cox’s bazaar beach enjoys an unbroken stretch of up to 125km of natural terrain. Other than being one of the most popular tourist destinations for locals and visitors cox’s bazaar beach enjoys an unbroken stretch most popular tourist destinations for locals and visitor’s cox’s bazaar houses one of the most revered Buddhist monasteries of the modern day Buddhist who practices the Theravada sect of Buddhism. The Aggmeda Khyang monastery posted on a series of round timber columns is one of the most visited Buddhist sited of the region. The Ramu village at a distance of about 10 km offers the visitor a unique look into the lives of the locals as they sit outside their homes and weave the local hand crafted products. a famous wooden Buddhist monastery with many relics including a 13feet high image of the Buddha in bronze can also be found here. 


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