Dhaka

Dhaka, one of the oldest metropolises in this part of the subcontinent, has crossed the enviable milestone of 400 years. The city, founded by the Mughals in the 17th century, was the economic capital of the Mughal Empire, and later saw rapid growth in urbanization during the British colonization in the late 19th and early 20th century.

However, the settlement in Dhaka dates back to more than a thousand years according to many historians. Dhaka and its adjoining areas were then identified as ‘Bengalla’.

In history, it is often believed that Raja Ballal Sen of the Sen Dynasty of Bengal founded the Dhakeshwari Temple in the 12th century to mark the place of his birth and to pay tribute to the patron goddess of this region.

The name Dhaka is believed to have originated from Dhakeshwari in the same way as Athens got its name from Athena, the patron goddess of the Greek city.

The ancient temple was ruined in the course of time until a Hindu agent of British East India Company reconstructed it around 200 years back. The temple was further damaged by the Pakistan forces during the 1971 Liberation War of Bangladesh and was later renovated and declared as the national temple of the country.